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How to Research Types Of Chemicals

How to research types of chemicals is the next topic on the agenda after you’ve got your new pool in place. Your first trip to the local home improvement superstore or pool supply house might be extremely daunting, with row upon row of similar looking chemicals. Thankfully, it’s fairly easy to get started.


Your first point of research with pool chemicals is to poll your family. For what, you may ask? Not so much for advice as for allergies. Allergies to common pool chemicals like chlorine or bromine might be a determining factor in which type of chemical to use. On a lower scale than allergies are irritants. Chemicals like chlorine irritate mucous membranes, but they do so differently on some persons than they do others. To some people, chlorine is so irritating that they simply can’t enter pools with it, even though they aren’t specifically allergic to it.


You would think that cost would be a factor in how to research types of pool chemicals, but it isn’t as big of a factor as you think. The “big two” pool sanitizers, chlorine and bromine, are more or less equally priced. This brings us to sanitizers in general, easily your largest expenditure of pool chemicals and most likely the one area you’ll focus most of your efforts on.


Chlorine is far and away the most popular sanitizer in pool history. It’s inexpensive, available, and easy to apply. Chlorine kills bacteria chemically, but breaks itself down in the process, meaning you’ll need to add more chlorine, which is where the cost comes in. Chlorine is also naturally broken down by sunlight and eventually fades away, thus resulting in you – once again – having to add more. Thankfully, chlorine is so inexpensive as to require only several dollars of it per month in most pools.


Bromine is another consideration and one that should be examined, especially if you have a hot tub or spa. Whereas chlorine breaks down at about 75 degrees Fahrenheit, and becomes less effective, bromine becomes more effective above that temperature making it eminently suited for spas. Additionally, even though bromine is more expensive than chlorine, it generally lasts longer.


How to research pool chemicals takes us to our next step – algaecide. Sanitizer alone won’t necessarily keep algae out of your pool especially in hot climates. When researching algaecides, especially when you don’t already have an algae problem, it is recommended that you use a general algaecide that is good for numerous different types of algae. The reason for this is that you will effectively inhibit the growth of more types of algae since you don’t know which kind could take root in your pool. It’s important to remember that algaecide is preventative medicine applied in small quantities. If you have an algae bloom due to lack of maintenance or perhaps a sudden spike in temperatures, you will use vast quantities of it to control the algae and may even have to drain the pool.

The final thing to look for when researching pool chemicals are your alkalinity and pH chemicals. In order for the sanitizer to work properly, the pH of the pool needs to be within an extremely narrow range – 7.4 to 7.6, which allows the water to inhibit the most growth and remain clean. Chlorine works best at this pH range. In order to maintain that range, you will either need an acid or a base to adjust the pH. Researching pool chemicals is not nearly as hard as you might think. Take your time and select a sanitizer, pH balancer, and algaecide, and you’ll be on your way to sparkling clear water.

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